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How to fish in the Baltic Sea? Recreational fishing

KAngling in the Baltic Sea is regulated by the Marine Fisheries Act (Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland 2020, item 277) and its implementing acts.

A must-read for sea angling enthusiasts isregulation of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on the size and closed seasons of marine organisms caught in recreational fishing and the detailed method and conditions for recreational fishing (Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland 2019, item 1357).

It's worth getting familiar with it to avoid paying a fine.

How to prepare for fishing in the sea??

If you are not organizing a sporting event, nor are you a boat owner, but an individual, you do not need a fishing permit. You don't need a fishing license either.

All you have to do is pay the fishing fee. And remember to bring your fee receipt and ID with you. .

Important!he payment period is counted from the date of payment of the fee.

You pay the money to the bank account of the Chief Inspectorate of Sea Fisheries
NBP O/Gdańsk
60 1010 1140 0003 5822 3100 0000

The title of the transfer must state: "for the performance of recreational fishing for the period of .... (week/month/year)" and "Name".

Fee rates:

  • 7 zł per week of fishing,
  • 11 zł per month of fishing,
  • 42 zł per 12 months of fishing,
  • 32 zł per 12 months of fishing for holder of the Big Family Card.

Important! You may not use commercial fishing gear for recreational fishing. You also may not sell the fish you catch, but you may donate them free of charge to child care facilities or charitable organizations.

Rules of sea fishing

You cannot fish from navigation signs, bridges or floating piers. You also cannot fish with a rod in the area of internal marine waters, within the boundaries of seaports, from September 15 to the last day of February:

  1. between 5 p.m. and 7 a.m.;
  2. using the method of casting and retrieving the lure, i.e. the spinning method ;
  3. with a rod with attached line ending in more than one leader armed with more than one hook with more than one blade, which simply means the prohibition of spinning.

You can fish from the shore, from the ice, from a boat or other approved floating device. The number of rods you may use is the same as in inland waters. You are not allowed to use artificial light to locate and attract fish or methods that injure the outer shells of fish. It is forbidden to fish within 100 metres of a marked swimming area.

Regarding rods, hooks, lure rigging, etc., it is worth noting the regulations for flatfish and herring fishing. When fishing for flatfish, it is allowed to use two leaders, each equipped with a single-blade hook with a maximum opening of 10 mm, and when fishing for herring, it is allowed to use five leaders, each equipped with a single-blade hook with a maximum opening of 6 mm.

When fishing for cod from a cutter, it is allowed to use line termination with:

  1. an artificial lure with a hook attached to it, in a flexible manner, with not more than three blades spaced so as not to exceed the circumference of a circle of 30 mm diameter or the width of the lure, and
  2. pa single-bladed hook with a maximum opening of 20 mm and artificial lure attached to it, or
  3. two leaders with hooks no more than 20 mm barbless and with artificial lures attached.

Both artificial and natural baits may be used, except when fishing from a vessel or non-vessel floating device, where bait towing (trolling) is allowed, but excluding live fish.

What fish of the Baltic Sea are you likely to catch?

The fauna of the Baltic Sea is exceptionally diverse. You will find here both typical saltwater, freshwater and bi-environmental species. You can catch e.g.: eels, breams, perches, salmon, roaches, zanders, sea trout, belons, flounder, mackerel, cod, flounder, herring.

When it comes to bait, Baltic fish especially like wolfsbane, red worms, fish fillets or freshly caught sprats. The place to fish should be secluded. Regardless of the fishing method (from the shore or from the sea), choose equipment that is resistant to sea salt and wash it with warm clean water after each use. 


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