Characteristics of the Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is called the inland sea of northern Europe because it is surrounded by land on all sides and is connected to the North Sea only by a few shallow straits. It is located in the north temperate climate zone. Both seas lie on the same continental shelf.

  • the longitudinal distance – approx. 1300 km
  • the widest latitudinal distance (through The Gulf of Finland) – approx. 600 km
  • the narrowest latitudinal distance (through The Gulf of Bothnia) – 100 km
  • the latitudinal distance below Gotland – approx. 250 km

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